William Courtney is an adjunct senior fellow at the RAND Corporation and executive director of the RAND Business Leaders Forum. He was senior principal for policy strategy Computer Sciences Corporation, and earlier a career foreign service officer in the U.S. Department of State. He co-chaired the U.S. delegation to the review conference that prepared for the 1999 summit in Istanbul of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe. Before, he helped manage the reorganization of U.S. foreign affairs agencies, served as special assistant to the President for Russia, Ukraine, and Eurasia, and was Ambassador to Georgia, Kazakhstan, and the Bilateral Consultative Commission, which implements the Threshold Test Ban Treaty. He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, where he was an international affairs fellow. He belongs to the boards of directors of the American Academy of Diplomacy and the World Affairs Council of Washington DC, and the advisory council of the Eurasia Foundation. He graduated from West Virginia University with a B.A. and Brown University with a Ph.D. in economics.